[1] Institute. I F P R. Global Nutrition Report 2016: From promise to impact: ending malnutrition by 2030. In. Washington (DC). http://ebrary.ifpri.org/utils/getfile/collection/p15738coll2/id/130354/filename/130565.pdf. [2020-2-18].
[2] Balk E, Chung M, Raman G, et al. B vitamins and berries and age-related neurodegenerative disorders. Evid Rep Technol Assess (Full Rep), 2006; 1−161.
[3] Sanchez-Moreno C, Jimenez-Escrig A, Martin A. Stroke: roles of B vitamins, homocysteine and antioxidants. Nutr Res Rev, 2009; 22, 49−67.
[4] Fairfield KM, Fletcher RH. Vitamins for chronic disease prevention in adults: scientific review. JAMA, 2002; 287, 3116−26. doi:  10.1001/jama.287.23.3116
[5] Kerns JC, Gutierrez JL. Thiamin. Adv Nutr, 2017; 8, 395−7. doi:  10.3945/an.116.013979
[6] Powers HJ. Riboflavin (vitamin B-2) and health. Am J Clin Nutr, 2003; 77, 1352−60. doi:  10.1093/ajcn/77.6.1352
[7] Zhai FY, Du SF, Wang ZH, et al. Dynamics of the Chinese diet and the role of urbanicity, 1991-2011. Obes Rev, 2014; 15(Suppl 1), 16−26.
[8] Chang JL, Wang Y. The Report of China National Nutrition and Health Survey (2010-2013). Peking University Medical Press, 2016.
[9] Yi-ou F, Ai-ling L, Yu-na H, et al. Assessment of nutrient adequacy of adult residents in China. Acta Nutrimenta Sinica, 2012; 34, 15−9.
[10] Wang H, Wang D, Ouyang Y, et al. Do Chinese children get enough micronutrients? Nutrients, 2017; 9, 397−406. doi:  10.3390/nu9040397
[11] Popkin BM, Du S, Zhai F, et al. Cohort Profile: The China Health and Nutrition Survey--monitoring and understanding socio-economic and health change in China, 1989-2011. Int J Epidemiol, 2010; 39, 1435−40. doi:  10.1093/ije/dyp322
[12] Zhang B, Zhai FY, Du SF, et al. The China Health and Nutrition Survey, 1989-2011. Obes Rev, 2014; 15(Suppl 1), 2−7.
[13] Yu D, Liu A, Yu W, et al. Status of malnutrition and its influencing factors in children under 5 years of age in poor areas of China in 2009. Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, 2011; 40, 714−8. (In Chinese)
[14] He L, Zhao W, Zhang X, et al. Trend of seasonal change on intake of nutrients in a year of the residents in both northern and southern China. Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, 2004; 33, 694−7. (In Chinese)
[15] Chang S, Ge K, Zhai F, et al. Dietary intake of some micronutrients in different provinces of China. Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, 1999; 28, 364−6. (In Chinese)
[16] He YN, Zhai FY, Hu YS, et al. Study on food and antioxidant intake in smokers and non-smokers in China. Chin J Epidemiol, 2006; 27, 785−8. (In Chinese)
[17] Yang Y, Guangya W, Xingchang P. China food composition. Beijing, China: Pekong University Medical Press, 2009.
[18] Carriquiry AL. Assessing the prevalence of nutrient inadequacy. Public Health Nutr, 1999; 2, 23−33. doi:  10.1017/S1368980099000038
[19] Institute of Medicine. DRI dietary reference intakes: applications in dietary assessment. Washington (DC): National Academy Press, 2000.
[20] Society CN. Chinese Dietary reference intakes (2013). Beijing Science Press, 2014.
[21] WC W. Issues in analysis and presentation of dietary data. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.
[22] Pedroza-Tobias A, Hernandez-Barrera L, Lopez-Olmedo N, et al. Usual vitamin intakes by Mexican populations. J Nutr, 2016; 146, 1866S−73S. doi:  10.3945/jn.115.219162
[23] Gallagher CM, Black LJ, Oddy WH. Micronutrient intakes from food and supplements in Australian adolescents. Nutrients, 2014; 6, 342−54. doi:  10.3390/nu6010342
[24] Fulgoni VL, 3 rd, Keast DR, Bailey RL, et al. Foods, fortificants, and supplements: Where do Americans get their nutrients? J Nutr, 2011; 141, 1847−54. doi:  10.3945/jn.111.142257
[25] Whitton C, Nicholson SK, Roberts C, et al. National diet and nutrition survey: UK food consumption and nutrient intakes from the first year of the rolling programme and comparisons with previous surveys. Br J Nutr, 2011; 106, 1899−914. doi:  10.1017/S0007114511002340
[26] World Health Organization, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Vitamin and mineral requirements in human nutrition: report of a joint FAO/WHO expert consultation, Bangkok, Thailand, 21-30 September 1998. 2nd ed. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2004.
[27] Society CN. The dietary guidelines for Chinese residents (2016). People's Medical Publishing House, 2016.
[28] World Health Organization, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Guidelines on food fortification with micronutrients. Geneva. 2006.
[29] Khush GS. Origin, dispersal, cultivation and variation of rice. Plant Mol Biol, 1997; 35, 25−34. doi:  10.1023/A:1005810616885
[30] Bartley KA, Underwood BA, Deckelbaum RJ. A life cycle micronutrient perspective for women's health. Am J Clin Nutr, 2005; 81, 1188S−93S. doi:  10.1093/ajcn/81.5.1188
[31] Nair MK, Augustine LF, Konapur A. Food-based interventions to modify diet quality and diversity to address multiple micronutrient deficiency. Front Public Health, 2015; 3, 277.
[32] Mark HE, Houghton LA, Gibson RS, et al. Estimating dietary micronutrient supply and the prevalence of inadequate intakes from national Food Balance Sheets in the South Asia regiona. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr, 2016; 25, 368−76.
[33] Barennes H, Sengkhamyong K, Rene JP, et al. Beriberi (thiamine deficiency) and high infant mortality in northern Laos. PLoS Negl Trop Dis, 2015; 9, e0003581. doi:  10.1371/journal.pntd.0003581
[34] Torheim LE, Ferguson EL, Penrose K, et al. Women in resource-poor settings are at risk of inadequate intakes of multiple micronutrients. J Nutr, 2010; 140, 2051S−8S. doi:  10.3945/jn.110.123463
[35] Aggarwal A, Monsivais P, Cook AJ, et al. Does diet cost mediate the relation between socioeconomic position and diet quality? Eur J Clin Nutr, 2011; 65, 1059−66. doi:  10.1038/ejcn.2011.72
[36] Giskes K, Turrell G, Patterson C, et al. Socio-economic differences in fruit and vegetable consumption among Australian adolescents and adults. Public Health Nutr, 2002; 5, 663−9. doi:  10.1079/PHN2002339
[37] Mullie P, Clarys P, Hulens M, et al. Dietary patterns and socioeconomic position. Eur J Clin Nutr, 2010; 64, 231−8. doi:  10.1038/ejcn.2009.145
[38] Kant AK. Dietary patterns and health outcomes. J Am Diet Assoc, 2004; 104, 615−35. doi:  10.1016/j.jada.2004.01.010
[39] Martin JC, Moran LJ, Teede HJ, et al. Exploring diet quality between urban andrural dwelling women of reproductive age. Nutrients, 2017; 9, 586−99. doi:  10.3390/nu9060586
[40] Heuer T, Krems C, Moon K, et al. Food consumption of adults in Germany: results of the German National Nutrition Survey II based on diet history interviews. Br J Nutr, 2015; 113, 1603−14. doi:  10.1017/S0007114515000744
[41] Whitfield KC, Karakochuk CD, Liu Y, et al. Poor thiamin and riboflavin status is common among women of childbearing age in rural and urban Cambodia. J Nutr, 2015; 145, 628−33. doi:  10.3945/jn.114.203604
[42] Darmon N, Drewnowski A. Does social class predict diet quality? Am J Clin Nutr, 2008; 87, 1107−17. doi:  10.1093/ajcn/87.5.1107
[43] McNaughton SA, Ball K, Crawford D, et al. An index of diet and eating patterns is a valid measure of diet quality in an Australian population. J Nutr, 2008; 138, 86−93. doi:  10.1093/jn/138.1.86
[44] Parmenter K, Waller J, Wardle J. Demographic variation in nutrition knowledge in England. Health Educ Res, 2000; 15, 163−74. doi:  10.1093/her/15.2.163
[45] Bruins MJ, Mugambi G, Verkaik-Kloosterman J, et al. Addressing the risk of inadequate and excessive micronutrient intakes: traditional versus new approaches to setting adequate and safe micronutrient levels in foods. Food Nutr Res, 2015; 59, 26020. doi:  10.3402/fnr.v58.26020
[46] Nathoo T, Holmes CP, Ostry A. An analysis of the development of Canadian food fortification policies: the case of vitamin B. Health Promot Int, 2005; 20, 375−82. doi:  10.1093/heapro/dai015
[47] Berner LA, Keast DR, Bailey RL, et al. Fortified foods are major contributors to nutrient intakes in diets of US children and adolescents. J Acad Nutr Diet, 2014; 114, 1009−22. doi:  10.1016/j.jand.2013.10.012
[48] Shakur YA, Tarasuk V, Corey P, et al. A comparison of micronutrient inadequacy and risk of high micronutrient intakes among vitamin and mineral supplement users and nonusers in Canada. J Nutr, 2012; 142, 534−40. doi:  10.3945/jn.111.149450
[49] WHO. Thiamin deficiency and its prevention and control in major emergencies. 1999. Available from: http://whqlibdoc.who.int/hq/1999/WHO_NHD_99.13.pdf. [2020-2-18].