[1] GBD 2016 Causes of Death Collaborators. Global, regional, and national age-sex-specific mortality for 264 causes of death, 1980-2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. Lancet, 2017; 390, 1151−210. doi:  10.1016/S0140-6736(17)32152-9
[2] Laslett LJ, Alagona Jr P, Clark III BA et al. Worldwide environment of cardiovascular disease: Prevalence, diagnosis, therapy, and policy issues: A report from the American College of Cardiology. J Am Coll Cardiol, 2012; 60, S1−49. doi:  10.1016/j.jacc.2012.11.002
[3] Lackland DT, Weber MA. Global burden of cardiovascular disease and stroke: hypertension at the core. Can J Cardiol, 2015; 31, 569−71. doi:  10.1016/j.cjca.2015.01.009
[4] Virani SS, Alonso A, Benjamin EJ, et al. Heart disease and stroke statistics—2020 update: a report from the American Heart Association. Circulation, 2020; 141, e139−596.
[5] Zhang YY, Moran AE. Trends in the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension among young adults in the United States from 1999 to 2014. Hypertension, 2017; 70, 736−42. doi:  10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.117.09801
[6] Ma LY, Chen WW et al. China Cardiovascular Diseases Report 2018: an updated summary. J Geriatr Cardiol, 2020; 17, 1−8.
[7] Omboni S, Panzeri E, Campolo L. E-health in hypertension management: An insight into the current and future role of blood pressure telemonitoring. Curr Hypertens Rep, 2020; 22, 42. doi:  10.1007/s11906-020-01056-y
[8] Pellegrini D, Torlasco C, et al. Contributions of telemedicine and information technology to hypertension control. Hypertens Res, 2020; 43, 621−8. doi:  10.1038/s41440-020-0422-4
[9] Omboni S, Gazzola T, et al. Clinical usefulness and cost-effectiveness of home blood pressure telemonitoring: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled studies. J Hypertens, 2013; 31, 455−67. doi:  10.1097/HJH.0b013e32835ca8dd
[10] Verberk WJ, Kessels AG, Thien T. Telecare is a valuable tool for hypertension management. Systematic review and meta-analysis. Blood Press Monit, 2011; 16, 149−55. doi:  10.1097/MBP.0b013e328346e092
[11] Liu S, Dunford SD, Leung YW et al. Reducing blood pressure with internet-based interventions: A meta-analysis. Can J Cardiol, 2013; 29, 613−21. doi:  10.1016/j.cjca.2013.02.007
[12] Whelton PK, Carey RM, Aronow WS, et al. 2017 ACC/AHA/AAPA/ABC/ACPM/AGS/APhA/ASH/ASPC/NMA/PCNA guideline for the prevention, detection, evaluation, and management of high blood pressure in adults: a report of the American college of cardiology/American heart association task force on clinical practice guidelines. J Am Coll Cardiol, 2018; 71, e127−248. doi:  10.1016/j.jacc.2017.11.006
[13] Lin FL, Zhan YQ, Jia GX, et al. Blood pressure control rate and its influencing factors in Chinese hypertensive outpatients. Chin J Hypertens, 2013; 21, 170−4.
[14] Parati G, Stergiou GS, Asmar R, et al. European society of hypertension practice guidelines for home blood pressure monitoring. J Hum Hypertens, 2010; 24, 779−85. doi:  10.1038/jhh.2010.54
[15] O'Brien E, Parati G, Stergiou G, et al. European society of hypertension position paper on ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. J Hypertens, 2013; 31, 1731−68. doi:  10.1097/HJH.0b013e328363e964
[16] Duan Y, Xie Z, Dong F, et al. Effectiveness of home blood pressure telemonitoring: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled studies. J Hum Hypertens, 2017; 31, 427−37. doi:  10.1038/jhh.2016.99
[17] Tucker KL, Sheppard JP, Stevens R, et al. Self-monitoring of blood pressure in hypertension: a systematic review and individual patient data meta-analysis. PLoS Med, 2017; 14, e1002389. doi:  10.1371/journal.pmed.1002389
[18] McManus RJ, Little P, Stuart B, et al. Home and online management and evaluation of blood pressure (HOME BP) using a digital intervention in poorly controlled hypertension: randomised controlled trial. BMJ, 2021; 372, m4858.
[19] Kim YN, Shin DG, Park S, et al. Randomized clinical trial to assess the effectiveness of remote patient monitoring and physician care in reducing office blood pressure. Hypertens Res, 2015; 38, 491−7. doi:  10.1038/hr.2015.32
[20] Thiboutot J, Sciamanna CN, Falkner B, et al. Effects of a web-based patient activation intervention to overcome clinical inertia on blood pressure control: cluster randomized controlled trial. J Med Internet Res, 2013; 15, e158. doi:  10.2196/jmir.2298
[21] Marquez-Contreras E, Martell-Claros N, Gil-Guillen V, et al. Efficacy of a home blood pressure monitoring programme on therapeutic compliance in hypertension: the EAPACUM-HTA study. J Hypertens, 2006; 24, 169−75. doi:  10.1097/01.hjh.0000198023.53859.a2
[22] The Writing Committee of the Report on Cardiovascular Health and Diseases in China. Report on cardiovascular health and diseases in China 2021: an updated summary. writing committee of the report on cardiovascular health and diseases in China. Biomed Environ Sci, 2022; 35, 573−603.
[23] Wang ZQ, Zhai Y, Li M, et al. Association between baseline SBP/DBP and all-cause mortality in residents of Shanxi, China: a population-based cohort study from 2002 to 2015. Biomed Environ Sci, 2021; 34, 1−8.
[24] Sai XY, Gao F, Zhang WY, et al. Combined effect of smoking and obesity on coronary heart disease mortality in Male veterans: a 30-year cohort study. Biomed Environ Sci, 2021; 34, 184−91.