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Original Article
Factors Defining the Development of Severe Illness in Patients with COVID-19: A Retrospective Study
XIONG Yi Bai, TIAN Ya Xin, MA Yan, YANG Wei, LIU Bin, RUAN Lian Guo, LU Cheng, HUANG Lu Qi
, Available online  , doi: 10.3967/bes2021.117
  Objective  Early triage of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is pivotal in managing the disease. However, studies on the clinical risk score system of the risk factors for the development of severe disease are limited. Hence, we conducted a clinical risk score system for severe illness, which might optimize appropriate treatment strategies.   Methods  We conducted a retrospective, single-center study at the JinYinTan Hospital from January 24, 2020 to March 31, 2020. We evaluated the demographic, clinical, and laboratory data and performed a 10-fold cross-validation to split the data into a training set and validation set. We then screened the prognostic factors for severe illness using the Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operator (LASSO) and logistic regression, and finally conducted a risk score to estimate the probability of severe illness in the training set. Data from the validation set were used to validate the score.   Results  A total of 295 patients were included. From 49 potential risk factors, 3 variables were measured as the risk score: neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (OR, 1.27; 95% CI, 1.15-1.39), albumin (OR, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.70-0.83), and chest computed tomography abnormalities (OR, 2.01; 95% CI, 1.41-2.86) and the AUC of the validation cohort was 0.822 (95% CI, 0.7667-0.8776).   Conclusion  This report may help define the potential of developing severe illness in patients with COVID-19 at an early stage, which might be related to the neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio, albumin, and chest computed tomography abnormalities.