Volume 20 Issue 3
Jun.  2007
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DIPANWITA DUTTA, S.SARAVANA DEVI, K.KRISHNAMURTHI, KOEL KUMAR, PRIYANKA VYAS, P.L.MUTHAL, P.NAOGHARE, T.CHAKRABARTI. Modulatory Effect of Distillate of Ocimum sanctum Leaf Extract(Tulsi)on Human Lymphocytes Against Genotoxicants[J]. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 2007, 20(3): 226-234.
Citation: DIPANWITA DUTTA, S.SARAVANA DEVI, K.KRISHNAMURTHI, KOEL KUMAR, PRIYANKA VYAS, P.L.MUTHAL, P.NAOGHARE, T.CHAKRABARTI. Modulatory Effect of Distillate of Ocimum sanctum Leaf Extract(Tulsi)on Human Lymphocytes Against Genotoxicants[J]. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 2007, 20(3): 226-234.

Modulatory Effect of Distillate of Ocimum sanctum Leaf Extract(Tulsi)on Human Lymphocytes Against Genotoxicants

  • Objective To study the modulatory effect of distillate of Ocimum sanctum(traditionally known as Tulsi)leaf extract (DTLE)on genotoxicants.Methods In the present investigation,we studied the antigenotoxic and anticlastogenic effect of distillate of Tlulsi leaf extract on(i)human polymorphonuclear leukocytes by evaluating the DNA strand break without metabolic activation against mitomycin C(MMC)and hexavalent chromium(Cr+6)and(ii)human peripheral lymphocytes (in vitro)with or without metabolic activation against mitomycin C(MMC),hexavalent chromium(Cr+6)and B[a]P by evaluating chromosomal aberration(CA)and micronucleus assay(MN).Three different doses of DTLE,50 μL/mL,100 μL/mL,and 200 μL/mL were selected on the basis of cytotoxicity assay and used for studying DNA strand break,chromosomal aberration and micronucleus emergence.The following positive controls were used for inducing genotoxicity and clastogenicity:MMC(0.29 μmol/L)for DNA strand break,chromosomal aberration and 0.51 μmol/L for micronucleus assay;Potassium dichromate(Cr+6)600 μmol/L for DNA strand break and 5 μmol/L for chromosomal aberration and micronucleus assay;Benzo[a]pyrene(30 μmol/L)for chromosomal aberration and 40 μmol/L for micronucleus assay.The active ingredients present in the distillate of Tulsi leaf extract were identified by HPLC and LC-MS.Results Mitomycin C(MMC)and hexavalent chromium(Cr+6) induced statistically significant DNA strand break of respectively 69%and 71%(P<0.001)as revealed by fluorometric analysis of DNA unwinding.Furthermore,thedamage could be protected with DTLE(50 μL/mL,100 μL/mL,and 200 μL/mL) on simultaneous treatment.Chromosomal aberration and micronucleus formation induced by MMC,Cr+6 and B[a]P were significantly protected(P<0.001)by DTLE with and without metabolic activation.Conclusion Distillate of Tulsi leaf extract possesses antioxidants contributed mainly by eugenol,luteolin and apigenin as identified by LC-MS.These active ingredients may have the protective effect against genotoxicants.
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    沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

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Modulatory Effect of Distillate of Ocimum sanctum Leaf Extract(Tulsi)on Human Lymphocytes Against Genotoxicants

Abstract: Objective To study the modulatory effect of distillate of Ocimum sanctum(traditionally known as Tulsi)leaf extract (DTLE)on genotoxicants.Methods In the present investigation,we studied the antigenotoxic and anticlastogenic effect of distillate of Tlulsi leaf extract on(i)human polymorphonuclear leukocytes by evaluating the DNA strand break without metabolic activation against mitomycin C(MMC)and hexavalent chromium(Cr+6)and(ii)human peripheral lymphocytes (in vitro)with or without metabolic activation against mitomycin C(MMC),hexavalent chromium(Cr+6)and B[a]P by evaluating chromosomal aberration(CA)and micronucleus assay(MN).Three different doses of DTLE,50 μL/mL,100 μL/mL,and 200 μL/mL were selected on the basis of cytotoxicity assay and used for studying DNA strand break,chromosomal aberration and micronucleus emergence.The following positive controls were used for inducing genotoxicity and clastogenicity:MMC(0.29 μmol/L)for DNA strand break,chromosomal aberration and 0.51 μmol/L for micronucleus assay;Potassium dichromate(Cr+6)600 μmol/L for DNA strand break and 5 μmol/L for chromosomal aberration and micronucleus assay;Benzo[a]pyrene(30 μmol/L)for chromosomal aberration and 40 μmol/L for micronucleus assay.The active ingredients present in the distillate of Tulsi leaf extract were identified by HPLC and LC-MS.Results Mitomycin C(MMC)and hexavalent chromium(Cr+6) induced statistically significant DNA strand break of respectively 69%and 71%(P<0.001)as revealed by fluorometric analysis of DNA unwinding.Furthermore,thedamage could be protected with DTLE(50 μL/mL,100 μL/mL,and 200 μL/mL) on simultaneous treatment.Chromosomal aberration and micronucleus formation induced by MMC,Cr+6 and B[a]P were significantly protected(P<0.001)by DTLE with and without metabolic activation.Conclusion Distillate of Tulsi leaf extract possesses antioxidants contributed mainly by eugenol,luteolin and apigenin as identified by LC-MS.These active ingredients may have the protective effect against genotoxicants.

DIPANWITA DUTTA, S.SARAVANA DEVI, K.KRISHNAMURTHI, KOEL KUMAR, PRIYANKA VYAS, P.L.MUTHAL, P.NAOGHARE, T.CHAKRABARTI. Modulatory Effect of Distillate of Ocimum sanctum Leaf Extract(Tulsi)on Human Lymphocytes Against Genotoxicants[J]. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 2007, 20(3): 226-234.
Citation: DIPANWITA DUTTA, S.SARAVANA DEVI, K.KRISHNAMURTHI, KOEL KUMAR, PRIYANKA VYAS, P.L.MUTHAL, P.NAOGHARE, T.CHAKRABARTI. Modulatory Effect of Distillate of Ocimum sanctum Leaf Extract(Tulsi)on Human Lymphocytes Against Genotoxicants[J]. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 2007, 20(3): 226-234.

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