Comparative Analysis of the Pathogenic Mechanisms of Street Rabies Virus Strains with Different Virulence Levels
Abstract: ObjectiveTo characterize two strains of street rabies virus (RABV) isolated from the brain tissue of cattle from Inner Mongolia. Differences in the histopathological and ultrastructural changes in the brain tissue of infected mice were determined to reveal variation in the pathogenesis of infection between street rabies virus strains. MethodsTen-day-old mice were intracranially inoculated with one of three virus strains and brain tissue harvested when the mice were moribund. Various histopathological and ultrastructural markers of disease were then compared between the groups. ResultsInfection with the street virus strain CNM1101C resulted in severe neuronal dendrites damage, but only mild cell apoptosis, T lymphocyte infiltration and microglial activation. Infection with the other street virus strain,CNM1103C, was characterized by cell apoptosis, T lymphocyte infiltration and microglial activation as well as dendrites damage. However, in comparison, infection with the attenuated virus strain CTN caused severe T lymphocyte infiltration, microglial activation and cell apoptosis, but left the neuronal dendrites intact. ConclusionThe two street rabies virus strains isolated from cattle from Inner Mongolia had different levels of virulence and caused distinct pathological changes in infected mice. Therefore, we concluded that different pathogenic mechanisms exist between different RABV strains.
|YIN Jing Feng, DING Yu Lin, HUANG Ying, TAO Xiao Yan, LI Hao, YU Peng Cheng, SHEN Xin Xin, JIAO Wen Tao, LIANG GuoDong, TANG Qing, and WANG Feng Long. Comparative Analysis of the Pathogenic Mechanisms of Street Rabies Virus Strains with Different Virulence Levels[J]. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(10): 749-762. doi: 10.3967/bes2014.034