Volume 27 Issue 3
Mar.  2014
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FAN Jie, LI Guo Qi, LIU Jing, WANG Wei, WANG Miao, QI Yue, XIE Wu Xiang, LIU Jun, ZHAO Fan, LI Yan, ZHAO Dong. Impact of Cardiovascular Disease Deaths on Life Expectancy in Chinese Population[J]. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(3): 162-168. doi: 10.3967/bes2014.037
Citation: FAN Jie, LI Guo Qi, LIU Jing, WANG Wei, WANG Miao, QI Yue, XIE Wu Xiang, LIU Jun, ZHAO Fan, LI Yan, ZHAO Dong. Impact of Cardiovascular Disease Deaths on Life Expectancy in Chinese Population[J]. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(3): 162-168. doi: 10.3967/bes2014.037

Impact of Cardiovascular Disease Deaths on Life Expectancy in Chinese Population

doi: 10.3967/bes2014.037
Funds:  the People’s Republic of China Ministry of Science and Technology and the Ministry of Health through the 12th National Five-Year Plan projects(contract 2011BAI09B01)%the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  • Objective We aimed to analyze the impact of cardiovascular disease (CVD) deaths on life expectancy (LE) in Chinese population and estimate the percentage reduction in CVD mortality needed to increase LE by 1 year from the current level, a national target of health improvement.
    Methods We used life tables, cause-elimination life tables, and age decomposition of LE with corrected mortality data from the National Disease Surveillance System in 2010.
    Results LE at birth of Chinese people was 73.24 years in 2010. Women had a longer LE than men, and urban population had a longer LE than rural population. CVD deaths resulted in a 4.79-year LE loss and premature deaths in people aged 25 to 64 years were responsible for a substantial part of LE loss from CVD. Death from ischemic heart disease and cerebrovascular diseases accounted for 69.2%of LE loss from CVD deaths and death from cerebrovascular diseases was the largest contributor. In rural men, 51.1% LE loss from CVD deaths was caused by cerebrovascular diseases. If there were no changes in mortality rates for all other diseases, a 27.4%reduction in CVD mortality would increase LE by 1 year in Chinese population.
    Conclusion There is a considerable impact of CVD deaths on LE. A 1-year LE increase in the future requires at least a 27.4% reduction in CVD mortality from the current level. Targeting the rural population and tackling cerebrovascular diseases are important for reaching the national goal of health improvement.
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    沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

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Impact of Cardiovascular Disease Deaths on Life Expectancy in Chinese Population

doi: 10.3967/bes2014.037
Funds:  the People’s Republic of China Ministry of Science and Technology and the Ministry of Health through the 12th National Five-Year Plan projects(contract 2011BAI09B01)%the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Abstract: Objective We aimed to analyze the impact of cardiovascular disease (CVD) deaths on life expectancy (LE) in Chinese population and estimate the percentage reduction in CVD mortality needed to increase LE by 1 year from the current level, a national target of health improvement.
Methods We used life tables, cause-elimination life tables, and age decomposition of LE with corrected mortality data from the National Disease Surveillance System in 2010.
Results LE at birth of Chinese people was 73.24 years in 2010. Women had a longer LE than men, and urban population had a longer LE than rural population. CVD deaths resulted in a 4.79-year LE loss and premature deaths in people aged 25 to 64 years were responsible for a substantial part of LE loss from CVD. Death from ischemic heart disease and cerebrovascular diseases accounted for 69.2%of LE loss from CVD deaths and death from cerebrovascular diseases was the largest contributor. In rural men, 51.1% LE loss from CVD deaths was caused by cerebrovascular diseases. If there were no changes in mortality rates for all other diseases, a 27.4%reduction in CVD mortality would increase LE by 1 year in Chinese population.
Conclusion There is a considerable impact of CVD deaths on LE. A 1-year LE increase in the future requires at least a 27.4% reduction in CVD mortality from the current level. Targeting the rural population and tackling cerebrovascular diseases are important for reaching the national goal of health improvement.

FAN Jie, LI Guo Qi, LIU Jing, WANG Wei, WANG Miao, QI Yue, XIE Wu Xiang, LIU Jun, ZHAO Fan, LI Yan, ZHAO Dong. Impact of Cardiovascular Disease Deaths on Life Expectancy in Chinese Population[J]. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(3): 162-168. doi: 10.3967/bes2014.037
Citation: FAN Jie, LI Guo Qi, LIU Jing, WANG Wei, WANG Miao, QI Yue, XIE Wu Xiang, LIU Jun, ZHAO Fan, LI Yan, ZHAO Dong. Impact of Cardiovascular Disease Deaths on Life Expectancy in Chinese Population[J]. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(3): 162-168. doi: 10.3967/bes2014.037

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