Comparison of Antioxidant Status between Pilots and Non-flight Staff of the Army Force:Pilots May Need More Vitamin C
Abstract: Objective To compare the blood antioxidant levels and dietary antioxidant intakes between pilots and non-flight staff of the Army Force in The Islamic Republic of Iran.
Methods Thirty-seven helicopter pilots and 40 non-flight staff were included in this study. Their general characteristics were recorded and their weight, height, and waist circumference were measured. Their daily intake of energy and nutrients including antioxidants was assessed using a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Serum levels of total antioxidant capacity (TAC), malondialdehyde (MDA), and glutathione reductase (GR), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase (CAT) in red blood cells were also measured.
Results The median erythrocytes SOD, serum MDA level and the mean serum level of TAC and erythrocytes GPx were significantly higher in pilots than in non-flight staff. The median vitamin C intake was significantly lower in pilots than in non-flight staff. The serum MDA levels were similar in non-flight staff and pilots when their vitamin C intake was≤168 mg and significantly lower in non-flight staff than in pilots when their vitamin C intake was>168 mg.
Conclusion The serum MDA level is lower in non-flight staff than in pilots when their vitamin C intake level is high, indicating that pilots need more vitamin C than non-flight staff.
|Elham Amiri Taleghani, Gity Sotoudeh, Kazem Amini, Mahboubeh Heidari Araghi, Babak Mohammadi, Haleh Sadrzadeh Yeganeh. Comparison of Antioxidant Status between Pilots and Non-flight Staff of the Army Force:Pilots May Need More Vitamin C[J]. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 2014, 27(5): 371-377. doi: 10.3967/bes2014.062