Application of DALYs in Measuring Health Effect of Ambient Air Pollution: A Case Study in Shanghai, China
Abstract: To investigate the effect of ambient air pollution on human health and the subsequent disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) lost in Shanghai. Methods We used epidemiology-based exposure-response functions to calculate the attributable number of cases due to air pollution in Shanghai in 2000, and then we estimated the corresponding DALYs lost in Shanghai based on unit DALYs values of the health consequences. Results Ambient air pollution caused 103 064 DALYs lost in Shanghai in 2000. Among all the health endpoints, premature deaths and chronic bronchitis predominated in the value of total DALYs lost. Conclusion The air pollution levels have an adverse effect on the general population health and strengthen the rationale for limiting the levels of air pollution in outdoor air in Shanghai.
|Citation:||YUN-HUI ZHANG, CHANG-HONG CHEN, GUO-HAI CHEN, GUI-XIANG SONG, BING-HENG CHEN, QING-YAN FU, HAI-DONG KAN. Application of DALYs in Measuring Health Effect of Ambient Air Pollution: A Case Study in Shanghai, China[J]. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 2006, 19(4): 268-272.|