Correlation Between Birth Defects and Dietary Nutrition Status in a High Incidence Area of China1
Abstract: Objective To investigate the association between birth defects and dietary nutrient intake in a high risk area of China.Methods A dietary survey was performed and serum folic acid was measured in women whose pregnancy was affected by neural tube defects(NTDs)or unaffected by any birth defects(BDs)in Zhongyang and Jiaokou Counties in Shanxi Province of China.Results The local average censureption of foods including dark green vegetables,fluits,fat and meat,and nutrient intake(e.g.energy,protein,retinol,riboflavin,vitamin E,and selenium)were lower than the national average level.In women of childbearing age,these regions,the intake of nutrients was much lower than the recommended nutrient intake(9%-77%)The case-centrel dietary nutrition smdv of women whose pregnancy was affected bv BDs(including MTDs and congenital heart defects)demonstrated that,in early pregnancy,adequate nutrition(I.e.eating meat,fresh vegetables,fruit more than once a week)was a protective factor,while eating germinated potatoes was a risk factor.The geometrical mean(p5-p95)of serum folic acid in women with NTD birth defects was 9.6 nmol/L(3.6,23.03),which was significantly lower than that in normal women(14.03 nmol/L). Conclusion Wemen of childbearing age in the two counties of Shanxi Province,Chim,have a marked insufficient intake of some nutrients,especially folic acid,zinc,vitamins A and B12.This nutrient deficiency may be an important risk factor for the high prevalence of birth defects in these regions.Therefore,adequate dietary nutrition in early pregnancy can prevent BDs.
|Citation:||BAO-YUAN ZHANG, TING ZHANG, LIANG-MING LIN, FANG WANG, RUO-LEI XIN, XUE GU, YU-NA HE, DONG-MEI YU, PEI-ZHEN LI, QING-SHAN ZHANG, JIN ZHAO, YU-FU QIN, XIU-FENG YANG, GONG CHEN, JU-FEN LIU, XIN-MING SONG, XIAO-YING ZHENG. Correlation Between Birth Defects and Dietary Nutrition Status in a High Incidence Area of China1[J]. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 2008, 21(1): 37-44.|