Development of a Novel PmpD-N ELISA for Chlamydia psittaci Infection
- Chlamydia psittaci /
- Indirect ELISA /
- N-terminal fragment of polymorphic membrane protein D /
Abstract: ObjectiveChlamydia psittaci is an avian respiratory pathogen and zoonotic agent.The wide prevalence ofC. psittaci poses a threat to the poultry industry and its employees. However, few commercial kits are available for detecting avian antibodies excluding the in-house ELISA kit. In this study, we developed a novel ELISA kit for detecting antibodies againstC. psittaci based on the N-terminal fragment of polymorphic outer membrane protein D (PmpD-N) as the coating antigen.
Methods The antigen concentrations, primary antibody, and cut-off value were determined and optimized. The ELISA, designated PmpD-N ELISA, was assessed for sensitivity, specificity, and concordance using sera samples from 48 experimentally infected and 168 uninfected SPF chickens.
Results The sensitivity and specificity of PmpD-N ELISA were 97.9%, 100%, respectively, while the concordance was 98.1% as compared to that of MOMP-ELISA. No cross-reaction with positive sera for other avian pathogens was found. Using PmpD-N ELISA, 799/836 clinical samples were positive, including 93.0% and 98.1% positivity in layers and broilers, respectively.
Conclusion These data indicate that indirect ELISA with PmpD-N as the antigen candidate is a promising approach for the surveillance ofC. psittaci infection.
|Citation:||LIU Shan Shan, CHU Jun, ZHANG Qiang, SUN Wei, ZHANG Tian Yuan, HE Cheng. Development of a Novel PmpD-N ELISA for Chlamydia psittaci Infection[J]. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(5): 315-322. doi: 10.3967/bes2016.041|