Cognitive Training in Older Adults with Mild Cognitive Impairment
Abstract: ObjectiveWe investigated the feasibility and efficacy of cognitive training for older adults in rural settings and with low education levels, who have mild cognitive impairment (MCI).
MethodsForty-five older adults (ages >65 years) with MCI were assigned to treatment or control groups, at a 2:1 ratio. Cognitivetraining occurred in the treatment group for 2 months. The cognitive abilities of the participants were assessed at pre-training, metaphase, and post-training time points, using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), Loewenstein Occupational Therapy Cognitive Assessment (LOTCA), and Hamilton Depression Scale (HAM-D).
ResultsFollowing training, cognitive abilities improved in the treatment group, based on the total scores of all 4 measures, as well as specifically on the MoCA and LOTCA. There were differences in the main effects of group and time point on some subscales, but these differences had little, if any, effect on the overall analyses.
ConclusionThe present study demonstrated that cognitive training has beneficial effects on attention, language, orientation, visual perception, organization of visual movement, and logical questioning in patients with MCI. Furthermore, the observed effects are long-term changes.
|Citation:||LIU Xin Yan, LI Li, XIAO Jia Qing, HE Chang Zhi, LYU Xiu Lin, GAO Lei, YANG Xiao Wei, CUI Xin Gang, FAN Li Hua. Cognitive Training in Older Adults with Mild Cognitive Impairment[J]. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(5): 356-364. doi: 10.3967/bes2016.046|