Volume 16 Issue 1
Nov.  2019
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents

Frederick W.Oehme, John A.Pickrell. Genetically Engineered Corn Rootworm Resistance: Potential for Reduction of Human Health Effects From Pesticides[J]. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 2003, 16(1): 17-28.
Citation: Frederick W.Oehme, John A.Pickrell. Genetically Engineered Corn Rootworm Resistance: Potential for Reduction of Human Health Effects From Pesticides[J]. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 2003, 16(1): 17-28.

Genetically Engineered Corn Rootworm Resistance: Potential for Reduction of Human Health Effects From Pesticides

  • Objective and Methods Insecticide use, grower preferences regarding genetically engineered (GE) corn resistant to corn rootworm (CRW), and the health effects of using various CRW insecticides (organophosphates, pyrethroids, fipronil and carbamates) are reviewed for current and future farm practices. Results Pest damage to corn has been reduced only one-third by insecticide applications. Health costs from insecticide use appear significant, but costs attributable to CRW control are not quantifiable from available data. Methods reducing health-related costs of insecticide-based CRW control should be evaluated. As a first step, organophosphate insecticide use has been reduced as they have high acute toxicity and risk of long-term neurological consequences. A second step is to use agents which more specifically target the CRW. Conclusion Whereas current insecticides may be poisonous to many species of insects, birds, mammals and humans, a protein derived from Bacillus thurigiensis and produced in plants via genetic modification can target the specific insect of CRW (Coleoptra), sparing other insect and non-insect species from injury.
  • 加载中
  • 加载中
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
  • 1. 

    沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

  1. 本站搜索
  2. 百度学术搜索
  3. 万方数据库搜索
  4. CNKI搜索

Article Metrics

Article views(584) PDF downloads(5) Cited by()

Proportional views
Related

Genetically Engineered Corn Rootworm Resistance: Potential for Reduction of Human Health Effects From Pesticides

Abstract: Objective and Methods Insecticide use, grower preferences regarding genetically engineered (GE) corn resistant to corn rootworm (CRW), and the health effects of using various CRW insecticides (organophosphates, pyrethroids, fipronil and carbamates) are reviewed for current and future farm practices. Results Pest damage to corn has been reduced only one-third by insecticide applications. Health costs from insecticide use appear significant, but costs attributable to CRW control are not quantifiable from available data. Methods reducing health-related costs of insecticide-based CRW control should be evaluated. As a first step, organophosphate insecticide use has been reduced as they have high acute toxicity and risk of long-term neurological consequences. A second step is to use agents which more specifically target the CRW. Conclusion Whereas current insecticides may be poisonous to many species of insects, birds, mammals and humans, a protein derived from Bacillus thurigiensis and produced in plants via genetic modification can target the specific insect of CRW (Coleoptra), sparing other insect and non-insect species from injury.

Frederick W.Oehme, John A.Pickrell. Genetically Engineered Corn Rootworm Resistance: Potential for Reduction of Human Health Effects From Pesticides[J]. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 2003, 16(1): 17-28.
Citation: Frederick W.Oehme, John A.Pickrell. Genetically Engineered Corn Rootworm Resistance: Potential for Reduction of Human Health Effects From Pesticides[J]. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 2003, 16(1): 17-28.

Catalog

    /

    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint
    Return
    Return