Effect of Selenium Supplementation on Activity and Mrna Expression of Type 1 Deiodinase in Mice With Excessive lodine Intake
Abstract: To investigate the effect of selenium supplementation on the selenium status and selenoenzyme, especially the activity and mRNA expression of type 1 deiodinase (D1) in mice with excessive iodine (EI) intake and to explore the mechanism of selenium intervention on iodine-induced abnormities. Methods Weanling female BALB/c mice were given tap water or 3 mg/L of iodine or supplemented with 0.5 mg/L or 1.0 mg/L of selenium in the presence of excessive iodine for 5months. Selenium status, thyroid hormone level, hepatic and renal D 1 activity and mRNA expression were examined. Results Excessive iodine intake significantly decreased the selenium concentration in urine and liver, and the activity of glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) in liver. Meanwhile, serum total T4 (TT4) increased while serum total T3 (TT3) decreased. Hepatic D1enzyme activity and mRNA expression were reduced by 33% and 86%, respectively. Renal D1 enzyme activity and mRNA were reduced by 30% and 55%, respectively. Selenium supplementation obviously increased selenium concentration, activity of GSH-Px and D1 as well as mRNA expression of D1. However, increasing the supplementation of Se from 0.5 to 1.0 mg/L did not further increase selenoenzyme activity and expression. Conclusion Relative selenium deficiency caused by excessive iodine plays an essential role in the mechanism of iodine-induced abnormalities. An appropriate dose of selenium supplementation exercises a beneficial intervention.
|Citation:||XUE-FENG YANG, XIAO-HUI HOU, JIAN XU, HUAI-LAN GUO, CHEN-JIANG YING, XIAO-YI CHEN, XIU-FA SUN. Effect of Selenium Supplementation on Activity and Mrna Expression of Type 1 Deiodinase in Mice With Excessive lodine Intake[J]. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 2006, 19(4): 302-308.|