Volume 18 Issue 5
Oct.  2005
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents

XIN ZHANG, CHENG-YE JI. Autism and Mental Retardation of Young Children in China[J]. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 2005, 18(5): 334-340.
Citation: XIN ZHANG, CHENG-YE JI. Autism and Mental Retardation of Young Children in China[J]. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 2005, 18(5): 334-340.

Autism and Mental Retardation of Young Children in China

Funds:  国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)(2001CB510310)
  • Objective To understand the prevalence and rehabilitation status of autism and mental retardation in China. Methods Screening test and clinical assessment were conducted for the diagnosis of autism and mental retardation. The assessment included investigation of the histories of medical conditions and development of these two disorders, utilization and needs for the rehabilitation service, and related intellectual and behavioral appraisal. Results Among the 7345 children investigated, the prevalence of autism disorder was 1.10 cases per 1000 children aged 2-6 years (95% CI=0.34 to 2.54), and the prevalence of mental retardation was 10.76 cases per 1000 children (95% CI=8.40 to 13.12). All the children suffering from autistic disorder were intellectually disabled, whereas 31.0% of the non-autism mental retardates had other disabilities. The medical conditions prior to birth and perinatal period were important potential factors for autism. Half of the autistic children and 84% of the children with non-autism mental retardation had never received any rehabilitative service. Conclusions The prevalence of autistic disorder in children aged 2-6 years in Tianjin is rather high. It is urgent to improve the status of the autistic and intelligently disabled young children in China. In order to upgrade the level of early diagnostic and improve the intervention to autism and mental retardation, public awareness and training courses should be heightened.
  • 加载中
  • 加载中
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
  • 1. 

    沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

  1. 本站搜索
  2. 百度学术搜索
  3. 万方数据库搜索
  4. CNKI搜索

Article Metrics

Article views(1621) PDF downloads(36) Cited by()

Proportional views
Related

Autism and Mental Retardation of Young Children in China

Funds:  国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)(2001CB510310)

Abstract: Objective To understand the prevalence and rehabilitation status of autism and mental retardation in China. Methods Screening test and clinical assessment were conducted for the diagnosis of autism and mental retardation. The assessment included investigation of the histories of medical conditions and development of these two disorders, utilization and needs for the rehabilitation service, and related intellectual and behavioral appraisal. Results Among the 7345 children investigated, the prevalence of autism disorder was 1.10 cases per 1000 children aged 2-6 years (95% CI=0.34 to 2.54), and the prevalence of mental retardation was 10.76 cases per 1000 children (95% CI=8.40 to 13.12). All the children suffering from autistic disorder were intellectually disabled, whereas 31.0% of the non-autism mental retardates had other disabilities. The medical conditions prior to birth and perinatal period were important potential factors for autism. Half of the autistic children and 84% of the children with non-autism mental retardation had never received any rehabilitative service. Conclusions The prevalence of autistic disorder in children aged 2-6 years in Tianjin is rather high. It is urgent to improve the status of the autistic and intelligently disabled young children in China. In order to upgrade the level of early diagnostic and improve the intervention to autism and mental retardation, public awareness and training courses should be heightened.

XIN ZHANG, CHENG-YE JI. Autism and Mental Retardation of Young Children in China[J]. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 2005, 18(5): 334-340.
Citation: XIN ZHANG, CHENG-YE JI. Autism and Mental Retardation of Young Children in China[J]. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 2005, 18(5): 334-340.

Catalog

    /

    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint
    Return
    Return