Volume 24 Issue 3
Jun.  2011
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DONG RuiLing, QIAO XiaoChun, JIA WangQian, WONG Michelle, QIAN HanZhu, ZHENG XiWen, XING WenGe, LAI ShengHan, WU ZhengLai, JIANG Yan, WANG Ning. HIV, HCV, and HBV Co-Infections in a Rural Area of Shanxi Province with a History of Commercial Blood Donation[J]. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 2011, 24(3): 207-213. doi: 10.3967/0895-3988.2011.03.001
Citation: DONG RuiLing, QIAO XiaoChun, JIA WangQian, WONG Michelle, QIAN HanZhu, ZHENG XiWen, XING WenGe, LAI ShengHan, WU ZhengLai, JIANG Yan, WANG Ning. HIV, HCV, and HBV Co-Infections in a Rural Area of Shanxi Province with a History of Commercial Blood Donation[J]. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 2011, 24(3): 207-213. doi: 10.3967/0895-3988.2011.03.001

HIV, HCV, and HBV Co-Infections in a Rural Area of Shanxi Province with a History of Commercial Blood Donation

doi: 10.3967/0895-3988.2011.03.001
Funds:  the United States National Institute of Health/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases(U19AI51915)
  • Background: Unhygienic blood collection in the early 1990s led to blood-borne infections in Central China. This study aimed to estimate human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) co-infection with hepatitis C and B viruses (HCV and HBV) and their risk factors in a rural area of Shanxi Province with a history of commercial blood donation.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2004. All adult residents in the target area were invited to participate in the study. Face-to-face interviews were completed and blood specimens were tested for HIV, HCV, and HBV surface antigen (HBsAg).Results: Prevalence rates of HIV, HCV, and HBsAg were 1.3% (40/3 062), 12.7% (389/3 062), and 3.5% (103/2982), respectively. Of the 40 HIV-positive specimens, 85% were HCV positive and 2.5% were HBsAg positive. The history of commercial blood donation was positively associated with HIV, HCV, and HIV/HCV co-infections, but was negatively associated with HBsAg seropositivity. Migration for employment in the last 5 years was positively related to HIV, HBsAg, and HIV/HCV co-infections. Univariate logistic analysis showed that illegal drug use, number of sex partners, extramarital sex behavior, commercial sex behavior, and condom use rate were not related to anti-HIV, anti-HCV, HBsAg seropositivity or their co-infections.Conclusion: The history of commercial blood donation was the main risk factor for HIV, HCV, and HIV/HCV co-infections in this former commercial blood donation area. HIV and HCV prevention and treatment interventions are important in this area.
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HIV, HCV, and HBV Co-Infections in a Rural Area of Shanxi Province with a History of Commercial Blood Donation

doi: 10.3967/0895-3988.2011.03.001
Funds:  the United States National Institute of Health/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases(U19AI51915)

Abstract: Background: Unhygienic blood collection in the early 1990s led to blood-borne infections in Central China. This study aimed to estimate human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) co-infection with hepatitis C and B viruses (HCV and HBV) and their risk factors in a rural area of Shanxi Province with a history of commercial blood donation.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2004. All adult residents in the target area were invited to participate in the study. Face-to-face interviews were completed and blood specimens were tested for HIV, HCV, and HBV surface antigen (HBsAg).Results: Prevalence rates of HIV, HCV, and HBsAg were 1.3% (40/3 062), 12.7% (389/3 062), and 3.5% (103/2982), respectively. Of the 40 HIV-positive specimens, 85% were HCV positive and 2.5% were HBsAg positive. The history of commercial blood donation was positively associated with HIV, HCV, and HIV/HCV co-infections, but was negatively associated with HBsAg seropositivity. Migration for employment in the last 5 years was positively related to HIV, HBsAg, and HIV/HCV co-infections. Univariate logistic analysis showed that illegal drug use, number of sex partners, extramarital sex behavior, commercial sex behavior, and condom use rate were not related to anti-HIV, anti-HCV, HBsAg seropositivity or their co-infections.Conclusion: The history of commercial blood donation was the main risk factor for HIV, HCV, and HIV/HCV co-infections in this former commercial blood donation area. HIV and HCV prevention and treatment interventions are important in this area.

DONG RuiLing, QIAO XiaoChun, JIA WangQian, WONG Michelle, QIAN HanZhu, ZHENG XiWen, XING WenGe, LAI ShengHan, WU ZhengLai, JIANG Yan, WANG Ning. HIV, HCV, and HBV Co-Infections in a Rural Area of Shanxi Province with a History of Commercial Blood Donation[J]. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 2011, 24(3): 207-213. doi: 10.3967/0895-3988.2011.03.001
Citation: DONG RuiLing, QIAO XiaoChun, JIA WangQian, WONG Michelle, QIAN HanZhu, ZHENG XiWen, XING WenGe, LAI ShengHan, WU ZhengLai, JIANG Yan, WANG Ning. HIV, HCV, and HBV Co-Infections in a Rural Area of Shanxi Province with a History of Commercial Blood Donation[J]. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 2011, 24(3): 207-213. doi: 10.3967/0895-3988.2011.03.001

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