NADPH Oxidase Accounts for Changes in Cerebrovascular Redox Status in Hindlimb Unweighting Rats
- Microgravity /
- Oxidative stress /
- NADPH oxidase /
- Manganese superoxide dismutase /
- Glutathione peroxidase-1
Abstract: ObjectiveThe roles of cerebrovascular oxidative stress in vascular functional remodeling have been described in hindlimb-unweighting (HU) rats. However, the underlying mechanism remains to be established.
MethodsWe investigated the generation of vascular reactive oxygen species (ROS),Nox2/Nox4 protein and mRNA levels, NADPH oxidase activity, and manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) and glutathione peroxidase-1 (GPx-1) mRNA levels in cerebral and mesenteric smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) of HU rats.
ResultsROS production increased in cerebral but not in mesenteric VSMCs of HU rats compared with those in control rats.Nox2 and Nox4 protein and mRNA levels were increased significantly but MnSOD/GPx-1 mRNA levels decreased in HU rat cerebral arteries but not in mesenteric arteries. NADPH oxidases were activated significantly more in cerebral but not in mesenteric arteries of HU rats. NADPH oxidase inhibition with apocynin attenuated cerebrovascular ROS production and partially restored Nox2/Nox4 protein and mRNA levels, NADPH oxidase activity, and MnSOD/GPx-1 mRNA levels in cerebral VSMCs of HU rats.
ConclusionThese results suggest that vascular NADPH oxidases regulate cerebrovascular redox status and participate in vascular oxidative stress injury during simulated microgravity.
|Citation:||PENG Liang, RAN Hai Hong, ZHANG Ying, ZHAO Yu, FAN Yong Yan, PENG Li, ZHANG Ran, CAO Feng. NADPH Oxidase Accounts for Changes in Cerebrovascular Redox Status in Hindlimb Unweighting Rats[J]. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(11): 799-807. doi: 10.3967/bes2015.111|