2015 Vol. 28, No. 6

Select articles
Prevalence and Correlates of Elevated Blood Pressure in Chinese Children Aged 6-13 Years:a Nationwide School-Based Survey
ZHAI Yi, LI Wei Rong, SHEN Chong, Frank QIAN, SHI Xiao Ming
2015, 28(6): 401-409. doi: 10.3967/bes2015.057
Objective To estimate the prevalence of elevated blood pressure (EBP) in Chinese children and identify individual and family factors associated with EBP.
Methods A nationwide cross-sectional study was conducted in 2010 using stratified cluster sampling. Participants’ blood pressure was measured, and their parents completed a questionnaire on personal and family characteristics. Prevalence and correlates of EBP were assessed.
Results Among a total of 24,333 participants, 20.2% of boys and 16.3% of girls had EBP. The prevalence of EBP increased with the ascending trend of waist circumference, Waist-to-height ratio, and body mass index. The adjusted prevalence ratios (aPRs) for obese boys and girls were 2.50 and 2.97, respectively. Fewer urban boys (16.2%) had EBP than rural boys (21.7%). Boys with a family history of hypertension were 12%more likely to have EBP. Children whose mothers received a college education tended to have lower likelihood of EBP;with an aPR was 0.85 among boys and 0.78 among girls.
Conclusion EBP is common among obese students and those who have a family history of hypertension. A negative association between mothers’ education levels and EBP risk in children was found.
Evaluation and Estimation of the Provincial Infant Mortality Rate in China’s Sixth Census
HU Song Bo, WANG Fang, YU Chuan Hua
2015, 28(6): 410-420. doi: 10.3967/bes2015.058
Objective To assess the data quality and estimate the provincial infant mortality rate (1q0) from China’s sixth census.
Methods A log-quadratic model is applied to under-fifteen data. We analyze and compare the average relative errors (AREs) for 1q0 between the estimated and reported values using the leave-one-out cross-validation method.
Results For the sixth census, the AREs are more than 100% for almost all provinces. The estimated average 1q0 level for 31 provinces is 12.3‰for males and 10.7‰for females.
Conclusion The data for the provincial 1q0 from China’s sixth census have a serious data quality problem. The actual levels of 1q0 for each province are significantly higher than the reported values.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection-Associated Mortality during Pulmonary Tuberculosis Treatment in Six Provinces of China
LAI Yu Ji, LIU Er Yong, WANG Li Ming, Jamie P MORANO, WANG Ning, Kaveh KHOSHNOOD, ZHOU Lin, CHENG Shi Ming
2015, 28(6): 421-428. doi: 10.3967/bes2015.059
Objective To investigate the risk factors attributable to tuberculosis-related deaths in areas with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection epidemics.
Methods A prospective cohort study of newly registered patients in tuberculosis (TB) dispensaries in six representative Chinese provinces was conducted from September 1, 2009 to August 31, 2011. Risk factors for TB-associated death were identified through logistic regression analysis.
Results Of 19,103 newly registered pulmonary TB patients, 925 (4.8%) were found to be HIV-positive. Miliary TB and acid-fast bacillus smear-negative TB were more common among these patients. Out of a total of 322 (1.7%) deaths that occurred during TB treatment, 85 (26%) of the patients were co-infected with HIV. Multivariate analysis revealed that HIV infection was the strongest predictor of death [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 7.86]. Other significant mortality risk factors included presentation with miliary TB (aOR 4.10; 95% confidence interval: 2.14-7.88), ≥35 years of age (aOR 3.04), non-Han ethnicity (aOR 1.67), and farming as an occupation (aOR 1.59). For patients with TB/HIV co-infection, miliary TB was the strongest risk factor for death (aOR 5.48). A low CD4 count (≤200 cells/μL) (aOR 3.27) at the time of TB treatment initiation and a lack of antiretroviral therapy (ART) administration (aOR 3.78) were also correlated with an increased risk of death.
Conclusion Infection with HIV was independently associated with increased mortality during TB treatment. Offering HIV testing at the time of diagnosis with TB, early TB diagnosis among HIV/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome patients, and the timely provision of ART were identified as the key approaches that could reduce the number of HIV-associated TB deaths.
Relationship between Migration and HIV Risky Behavior:a Comparative Study of Returning Migrants and Non Migrants Based on Rural Out-of-school Youth in Jilin, China
ZHU Guang Rong, JI Cheng Ye, YANG Xing Hua
2015, 28(6): 429-436. doi: 10.3967/bes2015.060
Objective To estimate the relationship between migration and HIV risky behavior when controlling for gender, age, and educational levels and to evaluate the gender differences in migration, HIV knowledge, and HIV risky behaviors among rural youth in China.
Methods A cross-sectional, anonymous, investigative questionnaire for 1710 unmarried, out-of-school rural youth, aged between 15 and 24 years, was handed out in Gongzhuling county of Jilin province, China.
Results 58.5%of participants had a history of migration, irrespective of gender. There were gender differences observed in other factors such as drug abuse (4.3%for males and 5.5%for females, P<0.01), multiple sexual partners (24.1% for males and 44.1% for females, P<0.01), and HIV knowledge rate (35.2%for males and 25.5%for females, P<0.001). While controlling for gender, age, and educational levels, the relationships between migration and drug abuse, selling sex, and non usage of condoms during last instance of sexual activity were found to be significant. The cases of premarital sex and multiple sexual partners were both not found to be related to migration.
Conclusion Among rural youth, the HIV risky behavior such as drug abuse, selling sex, and lack of condom use, is significantly related to migration, while premarital sex and multiple sexual partners seem unrelated to migration.
Rapid Identification of Legionella Pathogenicity by Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy
LI Jing, QIN Tian, JIA Xiao Xiao, DENG Ai Hua, ZHANG Xu, FAN Wen Hui, HUO Shuai Dong, WEN Ting Yi, LIU Wen Jun
2015, 28(6): 437-444. doi: 10.3967/bes2015.061
Objective To establish Surface-enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SERS) can be used as a rapid and reliable method to distinguish virulent strain and mild strain of L. pneumophila.
Methods We isolated and characterized of bacterial strains from ATCC and water samples strains, while we analyzed data from SERS technology using gold nanoparticles as a base and cell infections were employed to rapidly detect L. pneumophila strains. Origin 8.0 was used to collect Raman spectra, smooth and homogenize data, and to contrast spectra. Principal component analysis (PCA) was conducted to discriminate differences between groups using the multivariate analysis package PyChem 3.0.5.
Results Our results indicated that the peaks of high virulence strains reached≥4000. This criterion was verified by subsequent cell experiments. In addition, we also conducted SERS rapid identification on the virulence of several collected clinical strains and obtained accurate results.
Conclusion The present study indicates that the established SERS protocol can be used as a rapid and reliable method to distinguish virulent and mildly virulent strains of L. pneumophila, which can be further used in clinical samples.
The Role of NF mRNA and Calpain in NF Reduction of Acrylamide Neuropathy
YU Su Fang, WEI Xiao Min, YAN Feng Feng, WANG Shu E, ZHANG Cui Li, YANG Xi Wei
2015, 28(6): 445-448. doi: 10.3967/bes2015.062
Determination of Trace Elements in Edible Nuts in the Beijing Market by ICP-MS
YIN Liang Liang, TIAN Qing, SHAO Xian Zhang, KONG Xiang Yin, JI Yan Qin
2015, 28(6): 449-454. doi: 10.3967/bes2015.063
Green Tea Polyphenols Attenuate High-Fat Diet-Induced Renal Oxidative Stress through SIRT3-Dependent Deacetylation
YANG Hui, ZUO Xue Zhi, TIAN Chong, HE Dong Liang, YI Wei Jie, CHEN Zhuo, ZHANG Pi Wei, DING Shi Bin, YING Chen Jiang
2015, 28(6): 455-459. doi: 10.3967/bes2015.064
An Improved Method for Predicting Linear B-cell Epitope Using Deep Maxout Networks
LIAN Yao, HUANG Ze Chi, GE Meng, PAN Xian Ming
2015, 28(6): 460-463. doi: 10.3967/bes2015.065
Multicenter Evaluation of the Molecular Line Probe Assay for Multidrug Resistant Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Detection in China
LI Qiang, DONG Hai Yan, PANG Yu, XIA Hui, OU Xi Chao, ZHANG Zhi Ying, LI Jun Chen, ZHANG Jian Kang, HUAN Shi Tong, CHIN Daniel P, KAM Kai Man, ZHAO Yan Lin
2015, 28(6): 464-467. doi: 10.3967/bes2015.066
Plastic Expander-Related Gordonia Sputi Infection:Case Report and Literature Review
ZHANG Hai Lin, CAO Bo, LI Juan, CHENG Ying, WANG Xiao Jun
2015, 28(6): 468-471. doi: 10.3967/bes2015.067
Breast Implant Infections:Clinical Microbiology, Early Diagnosis, and Antibiotic Treatment
ZHANG Hai Lin, CHENG Ying, WANG Xiao Jun
2015, 28(6): 472-474. doi: 10.3967/bes2015.068
Correction for Biomed. Environ. Sci., 2015;28(5):374
2015, 28(6): 475-475.