Volume 28 Issue 4
Apr.  2015
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LI Chen Xi, MA Chuan, FANG Hai Qin, ZHI Yuan, YU Zhou, XU Hai Bin, JIA Xu Dong. Neurobehavioral Assessment of Rats Exposed to Yttrium Nitrate during Development[J]. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(4): 281-290. doi: 10.3967/bes2015.039
Citation: LI Chen Xi, MA Chuan, FANG Hai Qin, ZHI Yuan, YU Zhou, XU Hai Bin, JIA Xu Dong. Neurobehavioral Assessment of Rats Exposed to Yttrium Nitrate during Development[J]. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(4): 281-290. doi: 10.3967/bes2015.039

Neurobehavioral Assessment of Rats Exposed to Yttrium Nitrate during Development

doi: 10.3967/bes2015.039
Funds:  This research was financial y supported by the National Science and Technology Support Program (2012BAK01B00)
  • Objective The aim of this study was to assess the effects of yttrium nitrate on neurobehavioral development in Sprague-Dawley rats.
    Methods Dams were orally exposed to 0, 5, 15, or 45 mg/kg daily of yttrium nitrate from gestation day (GD) 6 to postnatal day (PND) 21. Body weight and food consumption were monitored weekly. Neurobehavior was assessed by developmental landmarks and reflexes, motor activity, hot plate, Rota-rod and cognitive tests. Additionally, brain weights were measured on PND 21 and 70.
    Results No significant difference was noted among all groups for maternal body weight and food consumption. All yttrium-exposed offspring showed an increase in body weight on PND 21;however, no significant difference in body weight for exposed pups versus controls was observed 2 weeks or more after the yttrium solution was discontinued. The groups given 5 mg/kg daily decreased significantly in the duration of female forelime grip strength and ambulation on PND 13. There was no significant difference between yttrium-exposed offspring and controls with respect to other behavioral ontogeny parameters and postnatal behavioral test results.
    Conclusion Exposure of rats to yttrium nitrate in concentrations up to 45 mg/kg daily had no adverse effects on their neurobehavioral development.
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Neurobehavioral Assessment of Rats Exposed to Yttrium Nitrate during Development

doi: 10.3967/bes2015.039
Funds:  This research was financial y supported by the National Science and Technology Support Program (2012BAK01B00)

Abstract: Objective The aim of this study was to assess the effects of yttrium nitrate on neurobehavioral development in Sprague-Dawley rats.
Methods Dams were orally exposed to 0, 5, 15, or 45 mg/kg daily of yttrium nitrate from gestation day (GD) 6 to postnatal day (PND) 21. Body weight and food consumption were monitored weekly. Neurobehavior was assessed by developmental landmarks and reflexes, motor activity, hot plate, Rota-rod and cognitive tests. Additionally, brain weights were measured on PND 21 and 70.
Results No significant difference was noted among all groups for maternal body weight and food consumption. All yttrium-exposed offspring showed an increase in body weight on PND 21;however, no significant difference in body weight for exposed pups versus controls was observed 2 weeks or more after the yttrium solution was discontinued. The groups given 5 mg/kg daily decreased significantly in the duration of female forelime grip strength and ambulation on PND 13. There was no significant difference between yttrium-exposed offspring and controls with respect to other behavioral ontogeny parameters and postnatal behavioral test results.
Conclusion Exposure of rats to yttrium nitrate in concentrations up to 45 mg/kg daily had no adverse effects on their neurobehavioral development.

LI Chen Xi, MA Chuan, FANG Hai Qin, ZHI Yuan, YU Zhou, XU Hai Bin, JIA Xu Dong. Neurobehavioral Assessment of Rats Exposed to Yttrium Nitrate during Development[J]. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(4): 281-290. doi: 10.3967/bes2015.039
Citation: LI Chen Xi, MA Chuan, FANG Hai Qin, ZHI Yuan, YU Zhou, XU Hai Bin, JIA Xu Dong. Neurobehavioral Assessment of Rats Exposed to Yttrium Nitrate during Development[J]. Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(4): 281-290. doi: 10.3967/bes2015.039

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